“Pegasus” broke through various mobile phone operating systems Apple was not spared: the French president urgently changed his mobile phone


According to CCTV reports, recently, an Israeli software monitoring company was revealed to have sold a mobile phone spyware called “Pegasus” to some countries. Not spared.

At the same time, not long ago, Apple’s mobile phone was exposed to “risk of security” and was searched on Weibo. According to reports, once this software called “Pegasus” invades the mobile phone system, it can extract text messages, photos, emails, record calls, and remotely turn on the phone’s microphone and camera without the user’s knowledge. , posing a great threat to data security, and even the iOS system, which has always emphasized “data security”, has not been spared.

Many users have asked Apple to provide a solution to the security flaw. Apple official said: “Pegasus” will not attack ordinary users, Apple will continue to upgrade to protect users. But discussions about system security have not subsided.

According to multiple media reports, there are currently more than 50,000 numbers on the list monitored by Pegasus, which covers mobile phone users in more than 50 countries.

According to the Washington Post, there are at least 14 heavyweights in the list of 50,000 mobile phones, including: French President Emmanuel Macron, Iraqi President Saleh, South African President Ramaphosa, Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan, Egyptian Prime Minister Madbouli and Moroccan Prime Minister Osmani. According to Reuters, French President Emmanuel Macron has urgently changed his mobile phone and phone number because of the incident.

Apple has been exposed to vulnerabilities many times

The “Pegasus” incident made the security issue of the operating system become the focus of attention again. Apple, which has always been selling data security as its selling point, has shown nothing to do about it, which runs counter to the marketing direction that Apple has been promoting.

In fact, the “Pegasus” incident is not Apple’s first security incident. As early as 2019, a foreign security researcher discovered a vulnerability in Apple’s system, which allows hackers to gain deep access to Apple devices, and the vulnerability cannot be fixed through software updates. Coincidentally, a security research team under Google has discovered that there are 14 security vulnerabilities in Apple mobile phones, one of which can illegally intercept encrypted text messages sent and received by users through end-to-end, and can also obtain information sent and received by users. At present, these vulnerabilities have been fixed.

A netizen in Arizona, USA, accidentally discovered that the Apple device can clearly hear the other party’s voice when the video is not connected. After netizens discovered this loophole, they tried various ways to notify Apple, but they never got a response. It wasn’t until a week later that Apple responded by turning off the Hangouts feature.

Apple has always advertised that it pays attention to the “data security” of users, and regards it as a competitive point of the system in the market.

In fact, protecting user data security has always been the direction of major operating systems. In May of this year, Google officially released the Android 12 system at the developer conference, focusing on improving data security protection functions.

Jane Fitzpatrick, Senior Vice President of Google Core Systems: In order to protect user security, all of our products are built with security as the premise, and the most common security vulnerability is still the password problem. Our ultimate mission is to create a future without passwords.

In the highly competitive operating system market, data security has always been one of the core competitiveness of major manufacturers.

Ma Baolong, professor of marketing at Beijing Institute of Technology: System security has become a very important point in meeting market demands and winning users. From the perspective of business ethics, it must also protect the privacy of users and the security of data.

The past and present of global operating systems

For a long time, Apple system and Android system have occupied most of the global market share. And the once smashing Nokia Symbian system has already fallen to the altar. So, how did the global operating system pattern come into being? Can the Huawei Hongmeng system that appeared recently be able to break the current situation of the two dominance?

At present, the global operating system is dominated by Microsoft and Apple in the field of PC operating systems. In the field of mobile phone operating systems, the Android system developed by Apple and Google has carved up most of the global market.

In the field of mobile operating systems, Nokia’s Symbian system was once the global hegemon. Regrettably, the glory of the Saipan system did not continue, and it came to an end with the fall of the Nokia mobile phone.

Software development company Tmax Soft has also tried to develop an operating system. In 2005, a self-developed mobile operating system appeared. But unfortunately, this system has not been developed in the follow-up. On July 29, Huawei’s first flagship phone, the Huawei P50 series equipped with the Hongmeng system, was officially released. At the press conference, Huawei also announced another good news.

Yu Chengdong, Managing Director of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.: As of July 29, more than 40 million users have upgraded Hongmeng OS 2.0, with an average of 8 users upgrading every second.

The latest data shows that as of August 6, the number of upgraded users of Huawei’s Hongmeng system has exceeded 50 million. In the face of such a violent development momentum of the Hongmeng system, Huawei has raised the previous target of 300 million equipment upgrades by the end of the year to 400 million.

The birth of Hongmeng operating system is not only to meet the challenges of other systems, but also to face the era of the Internet of Everything. The core new feature of Hongmeng operating system is to provide a more convenient and intuitive entrance for the interconnection of different devices, eliminating many connection links, and becoming the command center of various products and systems such as wearable devices, smart homes, and automobile control systems. .

Ni Guangnan, Academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering: In a sense, the Hongmeng operating system is an improvement on the basis of the mobile operating system. It is oriented towards the Internet of Everything, and Hongmeng 2.0 marks that China takes “open source” as its development Model. It also gives us confidence that some of our companies have enough capacity to create a new community and make efforts to build a community with a shared future for human science and technology.

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