International | Russia comprehensively strengthens national information security construction

With the introduction and implementation of the new version of Russia’s National Security Strategy, Russia has reassessed and repositioned the scope of national security in the next five years or even longer. Among them, information security, as an important part, is a separate chapter for the first time, reflecting the high importance Russia attaches to security in this field. Recently, a number of Russian media have analyzed the main information security threats facing the country based on the current situation of information security. According to the report, Russia has listed information security as a priority in its national security strategy, which not only enriches the scope of national security, but also helps to improve its comprehensive defense capabilities.

Assess security threats

The Russian side believes that with the continuous development of network and communication technology, data has become the “blood” of political, military, economic and diplomatic security systems. Intelligent data mining, correlation, analysis and other tools not only provide convenience for Russia, but also expose Russian citizens and national security to more information security risks.

According to the report, the Russian Federal Security Service, the Communications and Information Technology and Mass Media Supervision Bureau and other departments have analyzed the current and future information security threats facing the country. Among them, there are 3 “unfriendly” acts from other countries, namely, foreign cyber fighters carry out targeted cyber attacks on Russian information resources; foreign intelligence agencies steal Russian intelligence information through various means; external forces publish information through platforms such as the Internet Information about terrorism and violence, with the intention of inciting terrorist attacks and riots, and undermining the stability of Russian society.

According to data from the Information Security Center of the Russian National Defense Command Center, in the past three years, the number of cyber attacks or intrusions in Russia has shown an increasing trend, with an average annual growth rate of nearly 15%. Western intelligence agencies have also continued to step up the theft of Russian defense and economic intelligence. Events such as the “Prism Gate” have exposed the plans and long-term technical preparations of the United States and other Western countries to spy on Russia. In June this year, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed the “Strategy for Combating Extremism by 2025”, which clearly pointed out that the Internet has become a basic means for foreign anti-Russian forces and extremist organizations to attract new members, spread destructive ideas and coordinate criminal activities. Put forward the concept of “violent thought” and “supervision of Internet information dissemination” and other viewpoints.

At the technical level, Russia has also assessed security threats from three aspects, namely, multinational telecom operators push distorted information to client users in Russia by blocking Internet platforms or for political purposes, criminals use information technology to carry out cybercrime , Russia’s critical information infrastructure using foreign information technology faces security risks. According to Russian media, the United States and other Western countries have publicly denied the historical contributions of the Soviet Union during World War II in recent years, not only inciting a “storm” of anti-Russian public opinion on the Internet, but also threatening to cut off Russia’s connection to the Internet if necessary. It is worth mentioning that Russia has classified the distortion of history as an extremist act, calling it an act of ideological and cultural infiltration by some unfriendly countries, which directly threatens Russia’s national security.

In addition, Russia’s “National Security Strategy” clearly states that at a time when Russia’s relations with the West continue to be sluggish, relevant countries’ use or threat to use information technology to interfere in other countries’ internal affairs will have a negative impact on world peace and stability, which also requires attention. important threat. For example, since 2020, NATO has launched an “information warfare” offensive around the Belarusian election, directly threatening the information security of Russian allies and even the security of the national regime.

Build a protective “dam”

In response to increasingly complex security threats, Russia has continuously improved its own protection capabilities by improving countermeasures and increasing investment in information infrastructure.

According to reports, the powerful institutions of the Russian Federation, industry regulators and telecom operators are improving information security regulations and improving government-level protection capabilities. Russia’s Communications and Information Technology and Mass Media Supervision Bureau, in conjunction with the country’s three major Internet operators, is developing an information security threat warning system. Its hardware and software are domestically produced and have independent property rights. The system can lock down threat sources and reduce the damage to Russian national security caused by overseas intelligence theft. The Russian Ministry of Defense has also learned from the previous infiltration of military research institutions, accelerated the application of quantum computing and intelligent technology in the field of information security, and cooperated with relevant institutions to build a “military information domain” with stronger protection.

The Russian side has also conducted nationwide “internet disconnection” tests many times, so as to “get rid of its dependence on the Internet” under special circumstances. At the same time, Russia has continued to increase investment in information infrastructure, explicitly prohibiting foreign funds from controlling its telecommunications system, and according to the results of the “disconnection” test, it has accelerated the construction of a unified telecommunications network, independent Internet and other important information infrastructure to ensure that it is not subject to overseas operations. Commercial control and coercion.

The Russian side has also formulated relevant laws to maintain “zero tolerance” for acts that endanger national information security, “prohibit the dissemination of extremist speech through the Internet, social platforms and other channels” and “fight foreign intelligence and propaganda organizations in accordance with the law to carry out destructive actions against Russian society and citizens.” behavior” etc. In terms of intervention and response, the Russian National Security Council is responsible for leading the command, and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Federal Security Service, and the Ministry of Justice coordinate and carry out related work.

In the field of information security cooperation, on the one hand, with the help of platforms such as the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and the CSTO, Russia has joined hands with partner countries to protect information security “inside the circle”. National government departments and social organizations carry out cross-border information security cooperation.

Linkage in multiple fields

Russia has incorporated information security into the National Security Strategy for the first time, expanding the scope of national security and will also affect construction work in many fields.

First of all, in the context of the escalating strategic game with the United States and other Western countries, Russia proposed an information security defense strategy, indicating that it has included cyberspace and public opinion struggles into key construction directions. This means that in the future, Russia will increase capital and policy investment in new combat forces, and gradually break the pattern in which the international discourse power is dominated by the West. In addition, Russia associates information security with ideological struggle, which helps popularize patriotic education and directly counters the penetration of the West in the ideological field.

Secondly, in the process of vigorously promoting the localization of information technology and equipment, Russia has also gradually achieved the goal of “self-controllable key and core technologies”. Previously, in the national “disconnection” test, Russia had stated that it would use its own technology to build “Internet facilities with independent intellectual property rights.”

Third, Russia continues to strengthen international cooperation in the field of information security. According to reports, in the future, under the framework of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and other platforms, it will cooperate with relevant countries around information sharing, standards and regulations, and security tracking and traceability, and jointly fight against Western containment and suppression in the fields of information security and cyberspace.

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